I have provided the following sermon notes for the consideration of our readers. The notes are not intended to be exhaustive nor answer every question people have regarding worship; they are intended to introduce our readers to the topic of worship, and provoke to reflection further study.
Note: The notes provided are the sermon notes I use to preach from; they are thus presented in a rough outline format rather than typical article format.
Are God's people still governed by the Old Testament? Besides purchasing our salvation, what did the shedding of Christ's blood accomplish? What does Hebrews 9:15-28 have to do with the communion? Open your Bible and follow along as we look for the answer to these questions within today's study.
Several months ago I attended a lectureship on the historicity of the Bible that was hosted on UTA’s college campus near to my house. I attended the presentation with Clint DeFrance, Jimmy Cating, Matthew Barnes, and Eric Riser and unlike the rest of my group knew nothing about Timothy McGrew who was scheduled to be the speaker, and little about the material he would cover.
Advocates of multiple cups often tout the Jerusalem church as proof that the early church used more than one cup. One man put it this way, “There is a question which leaves "one cup" adherents silent. Acts 2 tells us 3,000 were added to the Jerusalem church on the Day of Pentecost. How large would that cup have been?”
If you have ever had a conversation with anyone about the Bible, there has likely come a point where you and the other person came to a disagreement. Having a discussion from two different points of view is not sinful (Acts 17:2-3), but the purpose of such discussions should be a searching for truth (1 Thess. 5:21). In many instances, unfortunately, one side or the other sells out on the pursuit of truth and simply tries to win at all costs (most importantly the cost of truth).
In political discussions “winning at all costs” is called “mud slinging”. If one candidate cannot meet the other candidate’s position, the losing candidate with jump ship and attempt to salvage a win by attacking the other candidate’s reputation, shortcomings, or intelligence. Unfortunately, the tactics employed by political candidates often mirrors those used by people claiming to be Christians in “defending” the truth.
The following list, though by no means complete or exhaustive, exposes several deceitful tactics used in religious discussions.
In the following sermon we take a look at the institution of the Lord's Supper and defend the Biblical pattern for proper observance. If you would like further material beyond what is presented in this sermon, please contact us or pick up a copy of "The Cup of the Lord" by J. D. Phillips by clicking HERE.
Nearly 100 years ago exactly, the Lord’s church was divided when men began to introduce multiple cups into the Lord’s Supper. One of the leading innovators in the division that took place was G. C. Brewer who prided himself by recalling, “after a long struggle, I got the individual communion cup into that congregation.” (speaking of a congregation in Columbia, Tennessee).
As the struggle to keep individual cups out of the communion service reached its peak, J. D. Phillips wrote his famous tract, “The Cup of the Lord” defending the use of a single container in the Lord’s Supper. Brother Phillips’ tract has been reprinted on several occasions and still represents one of the finest works on the issue.
Shortly after “The Cup of the Lord” was published, G. C. Brewer reviewed it in three separate issues of the September 1st, 8th, and 15th issues of the Gospel Advocate in 1932. In January of 1933, Brother Phillips wrote began a six part reply to Brewer’s review that would be published over the course of that year in the Old Path’s Advocate.
Both G. C. Brewer’s review and J. D. Phillips’ reply have now been transcribed and published in a hardbound book along with the tract “The Cup of the Lord” and an additional article by Brother Ronny Wade. It is the hope of the publisher that much good will come from a careful consideration of this historic and spiritually significant material. To hear Brother Brewer (though dead yet still speaking) defend his innovation, and to read the reply given by one in his own day (to which he did not respond) is enlightening to say the least.
May brethren the world over study with open hearts this critical issue that still divides the Lord’s church far and wide. May brethren always speak where the Bible speaks, and be silent where the Bible is silent. May God bless the brotherhood with peace and unity based on truth.
is an evangelist of the Church of Christ in Arlington, Texas.