The Laws of Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 have come under scrutiny in recent years by believers and skeptics alike. On the one hand, many believers in an attempt to understand the purpose behind such laws have come to the conclusion that these laws were granted to Israel for their dietary protection. Those holding such a view have begun advocating the abstinence from such foods in our day on the grounds that God’s Word reveals His wisdom and caring hand of protection in looking out for our health here in these laws. On the other hand, skeptics approach these laws with the view that they are completely pointless and irrational. They paint a picture of a harsh and overbearing, irrational God of the Bible in an attempt to show why belief in such a God should be rejected.
Lower criticism or textual criticism is the science of examining the manuscripts of the Bible that are available and determining their accuracy. It is referred to as lower criticism because it establishes the foundation from which all other examination of the Scriptures begins. There are a handful of scholars who have devoted their entire life to examining every word of every line of both Old and New Testament manuscripts. These scholars have established a set of principles they can apply to each variant reading in order to determine which rendering was the original. In many Bibles some of the textual variants are listed in either the center column reference or in the footnotes. A critical edition of either a Hebrew or Greek testament will point out all such variables.
is an evangelist of the Church of Christ in Arlington, Texas.